Four environmental tragedies – 2016
On kelp, mangroves, peat and coral – Four environmental tragedies in 2016.
The disruption of ecosystems arising from climate-driven changes are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Already there is strong evidence of rapid climate-driven shifts in Australian marine and terrestrial ecosystems. The lengthy period of temperature increases are resulting in the death of kelp forests on temperate reefs in Western Australia, the death of coastal mangroves in the Gulf of Carpentaria, unprecedented fires in the highlands of Tasmania and the major death of coral in Queensland and Western Australia.
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Rocky reefs off Australia’s western coast before (left) and after (right) a 2011 marine heatwave. Image: T. Wernberg